Our land of lakes forever fair
below blue mountain summits,
of swans, of salmon leaping where
the silver water plummets,
of glaciers swelling broad and bare
above earth's fiery sinews —-
the Lord pour out his largess there
as long as earth continues!
- Jonas Hallgrimsson
- All Items
- Icelandic Horse
- Hvítá river
- Kerid Crater
Kirkjufell is a 463m high mountain in Snæfellsnes that is the most photographed mountain in the country. Kirkjufell was one of the filming locations for Game of Thrones season 6 and 7, featuring as the "arrowhead mountain" that the Hound and the company north of the Wall see when capturing a wight.
Eldhraun (Fire Lava) is the largest lava flow (565 sqkm) in the world that was created during 1783 to 1784, known as the Skaftáreldar (The Skaftá River Fires), one of the greatest known eruptions. Entire population was nearly forced to evacuate in a mass migration to Denmark and eruptions killed more than half the domestic animals on the island. It is also the place where the Apollo 11 crew trained for their moonwalk in 1969 for its similarity to the surface of the moon.
Fjaðrárgljúfur is a magnificent and massive canyon (100m deep and about 2 km long) with sheer walls, and is somewhat serpentine and narrow. Its origins dates back to the cold periods of the Ice Age, about two million years ago. The canyon was created by progressive erosion by flowing water from glaciers through the rocks and palagonite over millennia.
Great view of Vatnajökull glacier along the ring road near Haoldukvisl. Vatnajökull glacier is the largest glacier in Europe, covering 8% of Iceland's landmass and is part of Vatnajökull ice cap, which is the second largest in area in Europe after the Severny Island ice cap of Novaya Zemlya.
A glacial lagoon, bordering Vatnajökull National Park with blue waters dotted with icebergs from the surrounding Breiðamerkurjökull Glacier, part of larger Vatnajökull Glacier. The Glacier Lagoon flows through a short waterway into the Atlantic Ocean, leaving chunks of ice on a black sand beach.
Þingvellir (Thingvellir) is a historic site and national park in Iceland, known for the Alþing (Althing), the site of Iceland's parliament from the 10th to 18th centuries. Now it is a protected beauty spot with dramatic rocky scenery, lakes & ridges plus a national historical shrine. Located in the center of the picture is Þingvallakirkja, one of Iceland's first churches.
Historically, Iceland was divided into farthings that were named after the cardinal directions. Now, Iceland is usually divided into 8 regions: Capital Region, Southern Peninsula, West, Westfjords, Northwest, Northeast, East and South. These divisions are primarily intended to assist with planning a holiday in Iceland.
Reykjavik, the world’s northernmost capital, is the most populated of Icelandic regions.
Golden Circle (derived from the name of Gullfoss - golden waterfall), is not actually a region, but a tourist route in southern Iceland, covering about 190 mi looping from Reykjavík to Þingvellir National Park, the Gullfoss waterfall, the geothermal area in Haukadalur (which contains the geysers Geysir and Strokku), the Kerið volcanic crater, and the town of Hveragerði.
Suðurland (southern region) with its largest town Selfoss encompasses most of the Golden Circle. In addition, there are waterfalls - Seljalandsfoss, Gljúfrabúi and Skogafoss, Eyjafjallajökull volcano, sand beaches of Vik (and awesome views nearby from Dyrhólaey, Kirkjufjara and Reynisdrangar), Eldhraun lava field, and 2 million old river canyon of Fjaðrárgljúfur.
Austurland (eastern region) with its largest town Egilsstaðir is home for a jagged coastline of Austfirðir (Eastfjords). In addition, there are glaciers - Svinafellsjokull and Vatnajökull (the largest in Iceland covering 9% of the country and part of Vatnajökull national park), horn shaped mountains - Vestrahorn, Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon, waterfalls Svartifoss (in Skaftafell national park), Sveinsstekksfoss, Folaldafoss, Rjukandi, and an iconic town of Seydisfjordur with rainbow painted streets.
Norðurland (comprising of Norðurland eystra and Norðurland vestra regions) with towns of Akureyri and Sauðárkrókur is home for several incredible wonders: Hverir geothermal fields, Mývatn geothermal area surrounding Lake Mývatn, caldera of Krafla volcano, a kilometer wide Hverfjall crater, pseudo-craters in Skútustaðagígar, Hofdi nature reserve, the basalt rock Hvítserkur and gigantic waterfalls of Dettifoss and Hafragilsfoss, and Selfoss.
Vesturland (western region) with its largest town of Akranes, is famed for Snæfellsjökull National Park and its several iconic spots: Kirkjufell mountain, black-pebbled Djúpalónssandur and Dritvík beaches, Londrangar basalt cliffs, coastal villages of Arnarstapi and Hellnar, Gerðuberg cliffs, Eldborg Crater, and numerous waterfalls: Barnafoss, Kirkjufellsfoss, Glymur, Hraunfossar and Bjarnarfoss.
Known as "The Land of Fire and Ice", Iceland is home to the largest glaciers in Euruope, some of the world's most active volcananoes with long summer days and short winter days of few hours of daylight. Yet, Iceland is also known for its numerous waterfalls, churches and iconic lifestock.
Starting with the most famous of Icelandic waterfalls, the aptly named Gullfoss ('The Golden Waterfall') that belongs to the famous Golden Circle, Iceland is home for numerous gigantic waterfalls.
For a nation of only 330,000 people, there are more than 350 churches across Iceland, which leads some to think think that Icelanders are particularly religious. While 85% of Iceland's inhabitants are supposedly Christian, the country is considered the sixth-most atheistic nation globally.
The Icelandic horse, long-lived and hardy, is a breed of horse developed in Iceland. These are small and at times pony-sized. In addition, raising of livestock, sheep (the traditional mainstay) and cattle is the main occupation in Icelandic agriculture.